MAJOR NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS
CONDUCTED AT BALTUSROL
1901 Women's Amateur
In 1901, the national spotlight shined on Baltusrol's links for the
first time with the seventh annual Women's Amateur Championship,
held October 8-12. Scores for the tournament's qualifying round ranged
from 97 to 104. At the time this was a fast pace for qualifying-round
play, as most women were not able to break 100 at the time.
The championship itself would go to the wire, with Genevieve Hecker
of Essex County Country Club in West Orange besting Lucy Hayes Herron
of the Cincinnati Country Club. The victory added the title of National
Champion to Hecker's two Metropolitan Champion titles.
1903 Men’s U.S. Open
At the turn of the century the U.S. Open played second fiddle to
the amateur. The amateur was a prestigious and gentlemanly affair;
the problem with the Open was that it was just that -- open to all
comers. The professionals, a clan of hardy Scots with few Englishmen
thrown in, had dominated the Open since its inception in 1895. To
amateurs of the day, the professionals looked like a "gang of
Willie Anderson was the star of this Championship, shooting a 73,
76, and 76, respectively, in the first three rounds and leaving himself
in a position to break the then 300-stroke Open record. On the par
3 ninth hole, however, Anderson found his ball in a clump of trees.
Instead of playing it safe, he chose to hit through a narrow opening
in the trees. The ball hit a branch and bounced back, and Anderson
would finish the hole with an abysmal eight, eventually needing an
18-hole tiebreak round against David Brown to win the championship.
1904 Men’s U.S. Amateur
The field at the 1904 U.S. Amateur was the largest assembled to date.
Among the players were many notable names, include A. W. Tillinghast,
who of course later become eternally linked with Baltusrol. Also
present was Jerome D. Travers of Upper Montclair Country Club, a
man who would go on to win four National Amateur titles.
Baltusrol was also well represented, with eleven club members entering
the Championship. In the end, however, H. Chandler Egan of Chicago
would win his first two Amateur Championships, defeating New Yorker
Fred Herreshoff in the final match.
1911 Women's Amateur
The seventeenth Women's Amateur Championship was played on the Old
Course at Baltusrol from October 9-14. There were more than 65 entries,
with players from around the country flocking to Baltusrol. The club
also boasted four member entries of its own.
The final match was a duel between Lillian B. Hyde and Margaret Curtis,
a duo known for being two of the longest-hitting women in the country.
Hyde clearly had the advantage in distance, but putting would eventually
be her downfall in this match. Playing a steady, well-rounded game,
Curtis defeated Hyde 5 and 3 to notch her second amateur title.
1915 Men’s U.S. Open
The 1915 U.S. Open would become the last national Championship to
be played on the Old Course at Baltusrol. Going into the Championship,
Jerome Travers had won everything an amateur could possibly be expected
to win. He was four-time national champion, a three-time New Jersey
Amateur champion, and a five-time Metropolitan Champion. But, being
an amateur, Travers was naturally not favored to win the U.S. Open.
But win it he did. Surprising everyone, including himself, Travers
played with exemplary steadiness, posting a total of 148 for the
first two rounds of play. He would go on to shoot a 73 in the third
round, and held a one stoke lead going into the fourth and final
round of play. Travers knew what he needed to win, and this seemed
to settle him throughout the round. He would eventually finish with
a four-round total of 297, one stroke better than runner-up Tom McNamara.
1926 Men’s U.S. Amateur
The story of the 1926 U.S. Amateur Championship, which was played
on the Lower Course, was the heroic battle between Bobby Jones, a
peerless champion, and George Von Elm, a contender who would not
Entering the Championship, Jones was the odds on favorite. He came
to Baltusrol wearing three crowns -- The British Open, the U.S. Open
and the U.S. Amateur. In fact, Jones was attempting to win his third
straight Amateur Championship coming in to Baltusrol in 1926. But
in the end, Von Elm would dethrone Jones, defeating him 2 and 1.
Jones' infamous drive into the creek on thirteenth Lower in the match's
second and final round proved to be the turning point of the championship.
1936 Men’s U.S. Open
In 1936 the Upper Course was the scene of a most unpredictable U.S.
Open, one which would see the Championship record broken twice in
half an hour. Harry Cooper, nicknamed "Lighthorse" because
of the speed at which he played, seemingly had the Open well in hand.
Approaching the fourteenth hole in the final round, Cooper was told
that all he had to do to win was finish standing up. Cooper would
go on to bogey three of the last five holes, one because he hit a
spectator and the ball bounced into the bunker. Cooper's total of
284 for the Championship, however, was still enough to break the
record by two strokes.
Then came unknown Tony Manero. Starting four strokes behind Cooper,
Manero would go out in 33 and finish the round with an extremely
impressive 67, finishing at 282 for the Championship two strokes
better than Cooper. To everyone's amazement, Manero had come out
of nowhere to claim the championship.
1946 Men’s U.S. Amateur
Baltusrol's Lower Course was the sight of the 1946 U.S. Amateur,
the first since 1941 when the championship was suspended for four
years during World War II. Ted Bishop was a professional golfer who
had his amateur status reinstated by the USGA. His game featured
a controlled fade that helped him at Baltusrol, as he played his
3-wood off the tee with great accuracy, especially in the final round
In the finals, Bishop trailed his opponent, Smiley Quick, by two
strokes after the first 18 holes. Bishop would make up the two strokes
in the next round, however, forcing a tiebreaker hole. Here, Bishop
sank his 4-foot putt while Quick incredibly missed from 2 1/2 feet,
giving Bishop the championship.
1954 Men’s U.S. Open
The 1954 U.S. Open, the first Open ever to be nationally televised,
was crammed with the absolute greatest players in the game, including
Sam Snead, Bobby Locke, and defending champion Ben Hogan. But none
was to win. A journeyman pro named Ed Furgol, who had just settled
down as a club professional after ten years on the PGA Tour, would
shock the work of Golf and make Open history
Somehow, Furgol found himself in the lead after three rounds, shooting
a steady 71 in the third round while the leaders, Hogan and Littler,
drifted back with a 76. Teeing off on the eighteenth, Furgol sailed
the ball to the left and into the trees. Seeing the he had no shot
at the fairway on the Lower Course, Furgol decided to use the fairway
of eighteen Upper. He was able to save par, and eventually won the
championship by a single stroke
1961 Women’s U.S. Open
The 1961 U.S. Women's Open featured the talents of a sweet swinging
Californian named Mickey Wright. Coming into the Championship, Wright
had already won the Open in 1958 and 1959, breaking Championship
scoring records each time.
At the halfway point of the tournament, Wright was facing a four-stroke
deficit because of a disappointing 80 in the second round. On the
final day, however, she would fire a spectacular 69 and take a two-stroke
lead over her good friend Betsy Rawls going into the final round
of play. There, Wright added a solid 72, finishing six strokes of
Rawls to win the championship.
1967 U.S. Open
When the U.S. Open returned to Baltusrol in 1967, Jack Nicklaus honestly
believed that any one of 30 players could win. At the head of his
list was the great Arnold Palmer, who already had two tournaments
under his belt that year.
The first day of competition would belong to a long-hitting amateur
named Marty Fleckman, but Palmer and Nicklaus would assert themselves
on the second day of play. Palmer shot an impressive 68 on this day;
Nicklaus shot an even more impressive 67. The two would eventually
distance themselves from the rest of the field, leaving them in a
duel for the championship.
Nicklaus would win this duel. He performed splendidly in the final
round, holding a four-stroke lead going into the final hole. Here,
his now-famous perfect 1-iron and clutch 22-foot putt would not only
give him the Championship, but also a new Championship record of
1980 Men’s U.S. Open
If one was forced to describe the 1980 U.S. Open in three words or
less, those words could only be "Jack is Back." Coming
off a year when he failed to win a single tournament, he was considered
by many to be past his prime.
Not by a long shot. On an opening day where early rainfall had made
the greens extremely friendly, allowing unusually high 19 players
to break par, Nicklaus would shoot a tremendous 63, tying the single-round
Open record. Tom Weiskopf had also tied the record that afternoon,
leaving Nicklaus and himself in a dead heat.
But it would be Isao Aoki of Japan that would present the real challenge
to Nicklaus. With the two competitors pulling away from the field,
the contest quickly became a match-play situation. The Championship
would go right down to the wire, with the two using their entire
arsenal to win. In the end, both players would break Nicklaus' 275-stroke
record, as Nicklaus shot a 272 and Aoki shot a 274 to finish second.
Indeed, Jack was back.
1985 Women's U.S. Open
Long before play began on the Upper Course for the 1985 U.S. Open,
the very charismatic and successful Nancy Lopez was everyone's favorite
to win the championship. Other popular players in the field included
Betsy King, Amy Alcott, and three-time Open champion Hollis Stacy.
Overshadowed and nearly overlooked was a 24-year-old South Carolina
native name Kathy Baker.
With most of the media attention focused on Lopez, Baker would match
her stroke-for-stroke for the first three rounds, and actually took
a one-stroke-lead into the final round. In all, a total of five women
were within no more than two strokes of the lead, setting the stage
for a fabulous final round. In the end, the championship would be
decided between Baker and Judy Clark, with Baker finishing the day
with a 70 and the tournament with a 280. Surprisingly, only three
players finished under par for the tournament -- Brake, Clark, and
second runner-up Vicki Alvarez.
1993 Men’s U.S. Open
For the 1993 U.S. Open, the USGA set up the Lower Course at Baltusrol
in a way to put the driver back in the players' hands, a club that
had been missing in recent Opens. The pros were ecstatic.
The playing conditions were perfect for this Open at Baltusrol, leading
to a record 88 players making the cut. But something even more extraordinary
would occur before this was established. In the second round, John
Daly became the first player in the history of Baltusrol Golf Club
to reach the green in two strokes on the 630-yard seventeenth. Fittingly,
the crowd on hand went absolutely wild as Daly's second shot bounced
off the rough and onto the green.
But the championship itself would be decided between two of Daly's
fellow Americans, Lee Janzen and Payne Stewart. Janzen led Stewart
by a stroke going into the final round, and would remain that way
until the twelfth, when Janzen missed a five-foot putt. He would
regain the lead, however, taking a two-stroke lead after chipping
in for a birdie on sixteen, and eventually sealing a victory with
a birdie on eighteen.
2000 Men’s U.S. Amateur
The 100th playing of the National Amateur championship was another
historic one. The qualifying rounds were contested over both the
Lower and Upper courses, with the match play rounds on the Upper.
Televised in 41 countries, the golfing world again was focused on
The final round was another historic battle. After 36 holes, the
talented collegiate finalists, Jeff Quinney from Arizona State University
and James Driscoll of Massachusetts were all square. A few holes
before, it looked like Quinney would take the title when he was 3
up with 3 to play. However, Driscoll won the next three holes with
some clutch play and the match was forced into extra holes. With
an impending thunderstorm looming, play was suspended for the evening.
On the next morning on the record tying 39th hole of the match, Quinney
sunk a 20 foot down hill speed putt on the third hole of the Upper
to become the 100th Amateur Champion of the United States
2006 PGA Championship
Phil Mickelson claimed his second major in as many years with a brilliant
up-and-down tap-in birdie from the heavy greenside rough on the par-5
18th hole to win the 87th PGA Championship. It was the first Monday
finish at the PGA Championship in 19 years. And not since 1986 at
Inverness had a player from the last group won the Wanamaker Trophy
with a birdie on the 72nd hole.
Steve Elkington, then Thomas Bjorn, came to the 554-yard closing
hole with a chance to make birdie. Elkington grazed the left edge
of the cup from 10 feet. Bjorn pulled his second shot into the left
bunker and blasted to 20 feet, his putt looking good all the way
until it caught the inside edge of the cup and spun out.
Mickelson was 247 yards away, some 10 yards behind the plaque in
the fairway that commemorated the 1-iron Jack Nicklaus hit to the
green in 1967 to win the U.S. Open. He tapped it twice with his 4-wood
for luck, but the shot came up short in grass that covered the tops
of his shoes. The flop came out perfect, and Mickelson raised his
arms and lightly pumped his fist twice. The final putt was merely
a tap-in, giving Lefty another year with a major trophy.